The Past Future Tense in Indonesian: A Comprehensive Guide


Learning a new language can be both exciting and challenging. It opens up a whole new world of possibilities, allowing you to communicate with people from different cultures and backgrounds. If you’re learning Indonesian, one essential aspect of the language that you need to master is the past future tense. In this article, we will explore the intricacies of the past future tense in Indonesian, providing you with valuable insights and examples to enhance your understanding.

1. What is the Past Future Tense?

The past future tense, also known as the future in the past tense, is used to describe an action or event that will happen in the future but is being referred to from a past perspective. It allows speakers to express their thoughts or predictions about the future while discussing past events or situations.

2. Forming the Past Future Tense in Indonesian

In Indonesian, forming the past future tense is relatively straightforward. To construct a sentence in the past future tense, you need to use the auxiliary verb “akan” (will) followed by the base form of the verb. Let’s take a look at some examples:

  • Saya akan pergi ke Jakarta besok. (I will go to Jakarta tomorrow.)
  • Kami akan makan malam di restoran itu. (We will have dinner at that restaurant.)
  • Dia akan membaca buku itu nanti. (He/she will read that book later.)

As you can see, the verb “akan” is used to indicate future tense, while the base form of the verb remains unchanged.