Present Continuous Tense + Contoh Kalimat: A Comprehensive Guide


The Present Continuous Tense is one of the most commonly used verb tenses in the Indonesian language. It is used to describe actions or events that are happening at the present moment or are currently in progress. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of the Present Continuous Tense and provide you with numerous examples to help you understand its usage in different contexts. So, let’s dive in!

Understanding the Present Continuous Tense

The Present Continuous Tense, also known as the Present Progressive Tense, is formed by using the auxiliary verb “sedang” (am/is/are) followed by the base form of the main verb and the suffix “-kan” for transitive verbs. In Indonesian, the Present Continuous Tense is used to indicate actions that are happening at the present moment, actions that are currently in progress, and temporary situations. It is also used to describe future events that have been planned or arranged. Let’s take a closer look at each of these contexts.

Actions Happening at the Present Moment

The Present Continuous Tense is commonly used to describe actions that are happening at the present moment. These actions are ongoing and may or may not have started before the present moment. Here are some examples:

  • Saya sedang makan siang. (I am having lunch.)
  • Kami sedang belajar bahasa Inggris. (We are studying English.)
  • Ibu sedang memasak di dapur. (Mom is cooking in the kitchen.)

In these examples, the actions of having lunch, studying English, and cooking are all happening at the present moment.